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Archive for Isaiah

This year for Easter I decided to go “old school” and take a prophetic look at the story out of the Book of Isaiah. As you can see from previous posts, I covered our slavery to sin (Isaiah 52), the deliverance by our emancipator (Isaiah 53), and the impact of our liberation (Isaiah 54). On Easter morning I dealt with God’s gracious invitation that he extends to us.

“Is anyone thirsty? Come and drink—even if you have no money! Come, take your choice of wine or milk—it’s all free! Why spend your money on food that does not give you strength? Why pay for food that does you no good? Listen to me, and you will eat what is good. You will enjoy the finest food” (Isaiah 55:1-2, NLT)

Isaiah expressed the availability of God’s gracious invitation to two kinds of people: the destitute and the dissatisfied. The essence of poverty is the inability to sustain one’s self. We’re not talking about unemployment or under employment. We’re talking bankruptcy, or in this case, spiritual bankruptcy. Only those who recognize their own spiritual bankruptcy are eligible to receive the invitation to the banquet.

The dissatisfied are those who have tried to find meaning and fulfillment in life only to be left wanting more. Let me illustrate it this way. Every now and then my wife and I like to go out to eat. Sometimes we’ll splurge and enjoy a really nice meal at an expensive restaurant. When we do I’ll order the biggest, bacon wrapped filet mignon on the menu. I’ll get some unhealthy potato side dish and will order a salad with some high fat dressing. When I finally push away from the table, I’ll tell my wife that it was one of the best meals I’ve ever had, and how full and satisfied I am. Here’s the thing about the expensive meal. Within hours I’m hungry and ready to eat again.

That’s how life in the temporal realm works. We look for satisfaction in food, material possessions, homes, trips, clothes, relationships, you name it. And those things, while inherently fine, don’t provide lasting satisfaction. Anywhere and anything that we seek satisfaction will do so for a moment, but we’re always left wanting more. The invitation of Isaiah 55 promises a limitless, bottomless, never ending once and for all satisfaction.

If the invitation is to the destitute and the dissatisfied, then what is offered?

“Come to me with your ears wide open. Listen, and you will find life” (Isaiah 55:3, NLT).

Most translations interpret verse 3 in the verb form, as in, “you will live.” But I like what the New Living Translation does by translating it in the noun form. The verb makes it appear as though their physical lives are what is at stake. The noun, however, makes it more apparently inclusive of the spiritual life. We’re all appropriately concerned with sustaining physical life. Maslow’s hierarchy of learning suggests that if we sense danger to our physical lives then our learning is hindered. But the ultimate goal of God is not physical life, its spiritual life that finds its resource and identity in God.

How then do we respond to God’s gracious invitation? His counsel, offered some 2,700 years ago still works today.

“Seek the LORD while you can find him. Call on him now while he is near. Let the wicked change their ways and banish the very thought of doing wrong. Let them turn to the LORD that he may have mercy on them. Yes, turn to our God, for he will forgive generously” (Isaiah 55:6-7, NLT).

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What God Promises to Honor

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What does God promise to honor?
Does He promise to honor our traditions and history?
Does He promise to honor our denominational affiliations and partnerships?
Does He promise to honor our programs and ministries?
No, he promises to honor his word.

“The rain and snow come down from the heavens and stay on the ground to water the earth. They cause the grain to grow, producing seed for the farmer and bread for the hungry. It is the same with my word. I send it out, and it always produces fruit. It will accomplish all I want it to, and it will prosper everywhere I send it” (Isaiah 55:10-11, NLT).

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Isaiah 54: Gospel Expectations

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Last Sunday we observed Palm Sunday, the celebration of the beginning of Holy Week as Christ entered Jerusalem for the final time of his earthly ministry. The day was fraught with Messianic expectation, as the news spread regarding this upstart prophet from Nazareth who was teaching with authority and performing incredible miracles. As Jesus rode into Jerusalem that day, the people raised their voices with the expectation that an emancipator had come to deliver them. Their hope was that he would restore Israel to its former geo-political greatness. Once again they would be prosperous and powerful, resembling their former days when David sat upon his throne.

But Jesus had made no such promises. His Kingdom was not of this world. His rule was not political. He sought no throne other than upon the throne of the hearts of his people. So they killed him. On Sunday they sang his praises, and by Friday they were screaming for his crucifixion. All because he wasn’t the Messiah they expected.

Isaiah 54 speaks about the expectations we should have of Messiah and the gospel. A bit of review may be helpful. Because of their idolatry and disobedience, Isaiah prophesied that Israel would be deported and exiled. Though they would live as slaves in a foreign land, God would not forget them. God would deliver them and return them to their homeland, graciously restoring them to their homeland.

The first thing Isaiah said they would do is sing with joy.

Break into loud and joyful song, O Jerusalem, you who have never been in labor. For the desolate woman now has more children than the woman who lives with her husband,” says the LORD. (Isaiah 54:1, NLT)

The opposite of joy is not sadness; its hopelessness. Isaiah called the people to sing with joy because their redeemer had not forgotten or abandoned them. They were not without hope, for their redeemer had not forsaken them.

But not only should they sing with joy, they should make preparations in accordance to what God was preparing to do in their midst.

“Enlarge your house; build an addition. Spread out your home, and spare no expense! For you will soon be bursting at the seams. Your descendants will occupy other nations and resettle the ruined cities. Fear not; you will no longer live in shame. Don’t be afraid; there is no more disgrace for you. You will no longer remember the shame of your youth and the sorrows of widowhood. For your Creator will be your husband; the LORD of Heaven’s Armies is his name! He is your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, the God of all the earth. For the LORD has called you back from your grief— as though you were a young wife abandoned by her husband,” says your God. “For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with great compassion I will take you back. In a burst of anger I turned my face away for a little while. But with everlasting love I will have compassion on you,” says the LORD, your Redeemer.” (Isaiah 54:2-8, NLT)

Why was this preparation necessary? It was because the gospel does not operate in isolation. What we experience through Christ is not just for ourselves. It is like anything that is worthwhile; it is to be shared.

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In his classic prophetic description of the suffering servant, Isaiah twice refers to Jesus as one who was despised and rejected (Isaiah 53:3). We despised and rejected him then, and we still despise and reject him today. How?

Jesus intent was to transform every part of our lives, not just the part that goes to heaven when we die. Every word he spoke was important. Jesus assumed that he had the best information available about life and he shared those words so we might obey him and experience the abundant life he frequently spoke of. The ways of Jesus are counter-intuitive. The ways of the Kingdom are “upside down” when compared to our culture and education. And we despise him for it. How?

We despise his death. Paul called the death of Jesus “offensive” and “scandalous.” His death was offensive and scandalous because it speaks into our lives, revealing who we really are and what we are really like. Because his death is offensive to us, we attempt to soften it. I recently visited the Nelson Atkins Art Museum in Kansas City and saw one display of religious art that was breathtaking. There was one thing missing from these expressions of art: blood. One painting of portrayed Jesus with a crown of thorns, perched atop his brow like a tiara, absent of blood. Next to it was a painting depicting the crucifixion, complete with nails in his hands and feet; spear thrust through his side. Again, no blood. We are no different. Our wooden crosses are sanded smooth and varnished. Our elements of communion are served to congregants in trays of polished brass. His death concerns us, and we soften it because we despise it.

We despise his name. Have you ever noticed how we prefer using God, Lord, and even Christ to the name of Jesus? God and Lord and Christ are appropriately safe. But when you start using the name Jesus in your speech, you show your true colors. If you don’t believe me, try this little experiment. Use the name Jesus, whenever its appropriate, instead of God, Lord, or Christ. See if it feels natural, or if it makes you uncomfortable. When we are uncomfortable using the name Jesus, we’re despising his name.

We despise his works. The Gospels report all kinds of miracle stories where Jesus exercised power over the natural realm. He calmed storms, healed diseases, cured disabilities, performed wonders with food and drink, and even raised the dead. When we look at his works, we might wonder why we haven’t seen these kinds of things happen in our lives. Why hasn’t Jesus come through for us like he did those 2,000 years ago? We wonder about this, often settling on a line of thinking that says, “Well, that was then, this is now. Jesus behaves differently today than he did then.” When we diminish the power of Jesus across some vast historical divide, we are despising his works.

Finally, we despise his words. When Jesus heard the words of his Father, he did them. He assumes his words are important and that when we hear them we will do them NOW.

Do not be angry with your brother.
Forgive your enemies.
Go and be reconciled to your brother.
Turn the other cheek.
Go the second mile.
Love your neighbor as yourself.
Do not judge.

At the core of the Great Commission is the instruction to “teach them to obey every word I have commanded.” That’s not legalism. Legalism has to do with us doing things or not doing things in order to earn the favor of God. Jesus said his words are life, and he assumes our obedience.

We read the words of Jesus’ commands and respond by saying, “Well, you don’t understand…” I may be empathetic to that, but I’m not sure Jesus is. When he tells us to forgive, he assumes we will do it now.

In Matthew 11:25-26, Jesus said that in order for us to enter into true discipleship we would have to be childlike. There are two things about children that help us understand obedience. First, when children hear their parent speak, they assume the time is now. “Would you like to go to Disney World?” “Yes! I’m going to the car!” Children don’t think about someday going to Disney World. If you ask, they assume the time is now and are instantly ready to go.

The second thing children have going for them is that they assume any activity, once begun, has no end. If you’ve played with a child, you know what I mean. “Again! Again! Again!” They don’t think of activity as having an appointed stop time.

We see this modeled by the apostles. Unfortunately, we think Peter, Paul, James and John are a special breed of super disciples. But their childlike faith is really a demonstration of normative Christian behavior. They’re not religious superstars. In the estimation of Christ, they’re normal.

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I grew up in a faith tradition that had little tolerance for long hymns. If a hymn had three stanzas, we would sing all three. But if there were more than three, we would sing the first, second and last stanzas and forego the others. But if you carefully read the old hymns you’ll quickly see that they tell a story, and to omit one or more stanzas means that you choose to skip part of the story.

Isaiah 53 is written like a hymn. Some 700 years before the time of Christ, Isaiah took up pen and paper and wrote these words, telling the story of the suffering servant. The passage is written in five stanzas of three verses each, unfolding the story of Christ who would serve as our servant emancipator.

Stanza 1
See, my servant will prosper; he will be highly exalted. But many were amazed when they saw him. His face was so disfigured he seemed hardly human, and from his appearance, one would scarcely know he was a man. And he will startlee many nations. Kings will stand speechless in his presence. For they will see what they had not been told; they will understand what they had not heard about. (Isaiah 52:10-13, NLT)

The prophet claimed that the nations would be startled as they see what would become of the suffering servant. From the very beginning we see God’s vindication of his servant.

Stanza 2
Who has believed our message? To whom has the LORD revealed his powerful arm? My servant grew up in the LORD’s presence like a tender green shoot, like a root in dry ground. There was nothing beautiful or majestic about his appearance, nothing to attract us to him. He was despised and rejected—a man of sorrows, acquainted with deepest grief.
We turned our backs on him and looked the other way. He was despised, and we did not care.
(Isaiah 53:1-3, NLT)

The report is not believed. Not because the report is inaccurate, but it is disbelieved that this suffering is necessary. His suffering was so great it was unwatchable. Not only are we unable to look upon him, we despise and reject him, literally withdrawing from him because of our discomfort with his discomfort.

Stanza 3
Yet it was our weaknesses he carried; it was our sorrowsa that weighed him down. And we thought his troubles were a punishment from God, a punishment for his own sins! But he was pierced for our rebellion, crushed for our sins. He was beaten so we could be whole. He was whipped so we could be healed. All of us, like sheep, have strayed away. We have left God’s paths to follow our own. Yet the LORD laid on him the sins of us all. (Isaiah 53:4-6, NLT)

Words like “pierced” and “crushed” speak to the violence of Christ’s suffering. As he suffers alone, those who were contemporary with him would have wondered what he had done to deserve such brutal punishment. But the prophetic answer is that he had done nothing worthy of death. It was not for crimes or sins he had committed, but for ours. He is our substitute, taking our place, dealing with every aspect of our need, fulfilling the plan of God.

Stanza 4
He was oppressed and treated harshly, yet he never said a word. He was led like a lamb to the slaughter. And as a sheep is silent before the shearers, he did not open his mouth. Unjustly condemned, he was led away. No one cared that he died without descendants, that his life was cut short in midstream. But he was struck down for the rebellion of my people. He had done no wrong and had never deceived anyone. But he was buried like a criminal; he was put in a rich man’s grave. (Isaiah 53:7-9)

As the disturbing imagery continues, it is not lost on the reader that the reason it is so uncomfortable because it exposes our own vulnerability and mortality. If Christ is innocent and we are guilty, we are confronted with our own sinfulness. The death Jesus died should have been yours and mine. We would rather talk about heaven than hell; and would prefer words about grace to words about wrath. Yet what is heaven without hell? What is grace without wrath?

Stanza 5
But it was the LORD’s good plan to crush him and cause him grief. Yet when his life is made an offering for sin, he will have many descendants. He will enjoy a long life, and the LORD’s good plan will prosper in his hands. When he sees all that is accomplished by his anguish, he will be satisfied. And because of his experience, my righteous servant will make it possible for many to be counted righteous, for he will bear all their sins. I will give him the honors of a victorious soldier, because he exposed himself to death.
He was counted among the rebels. He bore the sins of many and interceded for rebels.
(Isaiah 53:10-12, NLT)

Though Christ suffered greatly, God esteemed that it was worth it, for his voluntary sacrifice would provide the opportunity for the world to be saved.

There are always challenges in bridging contexts between the times of the Bible and today. It is hard to see ourselves in these images, and frequently we wonder how these verses begin to apply to us. There is an old hymn that asks the question, “Were you there when they crucified my Lord?” The short answer is “yes, you were there.” Not as an eyewitness, but among the guilty, condemning him to die, crying out “Crucify him!” We can’t look at Holy Week as some event in history that we get to benefit from. Your sin and mine was also atoned for that day. We were among those who despised and rejected him.
We despised and rejected him then, and in many ways we still despise and reject him today. Curious as to how? Check back in for the follow up post this week.

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Everyone likes good news. We want good news, and when given the option between “good news” and “bad news,” prefer the good first with hope that it will magically diminish the bad. Perhaps my thirst for good news is why I don’t enjoy Country Music. Those songs all seem to be so sad and discouraging. Last week I was driving with a friend in Missouri. He had his iPhone plugged into the car’s stereo system and proudly announced that he had purchased the new Johnny Cash album filled with songs that had not been previously recorded. The first song was about a troubled young man who got a pistol and robbed a store. Now he was on the run from the law. Brand new?

By the way do you know what happens when you play country music backwards? You get your spouse back, your farm back, your dog back, and are sober. Yep. I like good news!

The prophet Isaiah spoke into their life situation for 60 years and spanned the rule of four kings. Toward the end of his marvelous prophecy, Isaiah spoke into the future of Israel. Though they were headed for deportation and exile, he offered some much needed good news.

Wake up, wake up, O Zion! Clothe yourself with strength. Put on your beautiful clothes, O holy city of Jerusalem, for unclean and godless people will enter your gates no longer. Rise from the dust, O Jerusalem. Sit in a place of honor. Remove the chains of slavery from your neck, O captive daughter of Zion. For this is what the LORD says: “When I sold you into exile, I received no payment. Now I can redeem you without having to pay for you.” This is what the Sovereign LORD says: “Long ago my people chose to live in Egypt. Now they are oppressed by Assyria. What is this?” asks the LORD. “Why are my people enslaved again? Those who rule them shout in exultation. My name is blasphemed all day long. But I will reveal my name to my people, and they will come to know its power. Then at last they will recognize that I am the one who speaks to them” (Isaiah 52:1-6, NLT)

Isaiah began his good news with calling Israel to wake up. To see themselves as God saw them: valued, loved, precious, and worth saving. This imagery is set over and against the depiction of slavery. Slavery occurs when someone or something imposes their will on another. In most instances of world history, slaves are legitimately and appropriately viewed as victims. But not in the case of Israel. They were going to be deported and enslaved because of their sin and disobedience to God. The good news of the gospel is that God’s grace closes the gap between what we are and who we’ve been created to be. He extended grace to Israel and continues to extend grace today for the sake of his own name. God cannot tolerate the bondage of his people, even though it comes at a great personal price.

How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of the messenger who brings good news, the good news of peace and salvation, the news that the God of Israelb reigns! The watchmen shout and sing with joy, for before their very eyes they see the LORD returning to Jerusalem. Let the ruins of Jerusalem break into joyful song, for the LORD has comforted his people. He has redeemed Jerusalem. The LORD has demonstrated his holy power
before the eyes of all the nations. All the ends of the earth will see the victory of our God
(Isaiah 52:7-10, NLT).

The second invitation Isaiah offered to Israel was to listen. The good news came to them in the form of a song of joy. “Your God reigns!” We only understand the joy of being found in light of the danger of being lost. Only when we understand our true dilemma can we find true joy.

Get out! Get out and leave your captivity, where everything you touch is unclean.
Get out of there and purify yourselves, you who carry home the sacred objects of the LORD. You will not leave in a hurry, running for your lives. For the LORD will go ahead of you; yes, the God of Israel will protect you from behind
(Isaiah 52:11-12, NLT).

The final word in the great chapter is for Israel to get out. Though their sin would bring about slavery, ultimately they would be redeemed by God and would walk in freedom again. In their new found redemption they could walk confidently because the Lord would be present with them.

There are three important themes here that I would like to touch on briefly.

1. Grace is God’s response to our need. God’s grace comes to us in the midst of our sin. It touches every broken place of our lives.

2. Joy is our response to God’s grace. In the text above, those who heard the song of joy joined in and began to sing the song of joy.

3. Purity is required because we live in close proximity to the holy. We are not just free from the slavery of sin and disobedience. We are free for a relationship with God.

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What Happens in Worship (part 4)

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So what happens when God reveals himself to us and we see ourselves as we really are? Isaiah experienced two things that each one of us can experience when we worship. The first thing he experienced was transformation. Reading on in the text, the Bible says, “Then one of the seraphim flew to me with a burning coal he had taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. He touched my lips with it and said, ‘See, this coal has touched your lips. Now your guilt is removed, and your sins are forgiven’” (Isaiah 6:8-7, NLT).

At that precise moment Isaiah’s life was changed. Worship should be a transforming experience. How can you see the God of the universe and not be changed? I believe there is a big difference between genuine worship and church attendance. One of the ways we can tell the difference is in what I call “the parking lot test.” If you walk out of a corporate worship experience no different than when you walked in, then one of two things are true: either you’ve not met God in worship or you’re in disobedience; unwilling to respond to the God who has revealed himself and yourself to you. But if you leave your place of worship having responded to God’s self disclosure, then you’re in business. The responsibility is on you. Worship leadership is about creating opportunities and environments where you can encounter the living God. Whether you worship or not is up to you because only you can see God for you and only you can respond to God for you.

God not only transforms our lives in worship, He also invites us to participate in his Kingdom mission.
“Then I heard the Lord asking, ‘Whom should I send as a messenger to this people? Who will go for us?’ I said, “Here I am. Send me.’ And he said, ‘Yes, go, and say to this people, Listen carefully, but do not understand. Watch closely, but learn nothing. Harden the hearts of these people. Plug their ears and shut their eyes. That way, they will not see with their eyes, nor hear with their ears, nor understand with their hearts and turn to me for healing’” (Isaiah 6:8-10, NLT).

Worship is about more than, “now go keep your lips clean.” It’s also an invitation to go and tell others what God is really like. God gave Isaiah a specific message for the people of that day. What is God saying to you that he wants to say through you?

If you’re looking for a definition of worship I would say that worship is my appropriate response to the revelation of God. When we worship we will experience transformation and receive God’s invitation to participate in his Kingdom work. So keep your heart open. Be pliable and teachable. Respond to what God discloses and allow him to change your life. Then go be a part of his Kingdom mission.

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What Happens in Worship (part 3)

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Whenever God reveals himself in worship we catch a glimpse of what God is really like. When we see God as He is we then see ourselves as we really are. We become self aware with HD clarity. That was Isaiah’s experience when he saw the Lord. Check the next verse in the story: “Then I said, ‘It’s all over! I am doomed, for I am a sinful man. I have filthy lips, and I live among a people with filthy lips. Yet I have seen the King, the LORD of Heaven’s Armies'” (Isaiah 6:5, NLT).

The revelation of God leads to the realization of what we are really like. God had revealed himself to Isaiah as the holy and exalted King. Because of that, Isaiah had to come to terms with his own sin and the sin of the people. I don’t believe that Isaiah’s reference to the sin of the people suggests that he is claiming to be better than others with filthy lips. After all, it’s wasn’t a clean lips competition. For Isaiah to claim to have the cleanest lips in town would be like bragging about being the skinniest kid at fat camp.

God’s self disclosure is like seeing your reflection in a mirror. When you look in the mirror, you see what you really look like. The mirror tells no lies. When we see God as He really is then we see ourselves as we really are. Sometimes I think we forget that element of worship. We want to “see the Lord” in worship, but we don’t expect to see ourselves for what we really are. So what do we do with this realization? I’ll take up the next element of worship in tomorrow’s post.

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What Happens in Worship (part 2)

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“It was in the year King Uzziah died that I saw the Lord. He was sitting on a lofty throne, and the train of his robe filled the Temple. Attending him were mighty seraphim, each having six wings. With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew. They were calling out to each other, ‘Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Heaven’s Armies! The whole earth is filled with his glory!’ Their voices shook the Temple to its foundations, and the entire building was filled with smoke.” (Isaiah 6:1-4, NLT)

The first thing we read that happened in this classic text on worship was that God revealed himself to Isaiah. God disclosed himself to Isaiah in at least two ways. First, God revealed himself as the exalted King. Perhaps Isaiah and the people of God had placed their expectation on a human king. Maybe the tragic demise of Uzziah had left Isaiah disappointed or even afraid. But then he came face to face with the exalted King of Kings. Second, God revealed himself in holiness. The Hebrew language doesn’t have a grammatical system for expressing superlative relationships, such as good, better, and best. Hebrew writers would use repitition to express superlatives, hence “holy, holy, holy.” God revealed himself to Isaiah as the holy, exalted King of the universe.

Worship always begins with God’s self revelation to his people. God doesn’t always come as we think or want, but when he comes he comes as he really is. I think one of the reasons we worship so poorly and often miss God is because we project ourselves on to what we think God is instead of letting God reveal himself. This is why we are so prone to idolatry. Sometime I hear people say, “I don’t think God would do this or say that…” Why? Because we have confined God to be like what we think and do and say. One of the biggest mistakes we make in our understanding of God is making the simple premise that God is like me. No, God is not like you. Your God has to be bigger than you are. Tomorrow I’ll post the next thing that happens in worship.

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What Happens in Worship (part 1)

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2 Chronicles 26 tells the story of King Uzziah. He took the throne at the tender age of 16 and ruled for nearly four decades. By and large, Uzziah was a good king. He led the nation to return to the monotheistic worship of God, and as a result the nation was blessed. Like I said, Uzziah was a good king. But when he became strong, he then became arrogant and filled with pride. His pride led to sin, and as a result of his sin he was infected with a skin disease which would send him into quarantine and eventually take his life. How tragic! A good king gone bad, leaving the nation reeling. One can only imagine the disappointment the nation must have experienced.

From that historical setting we come to chapter 6 of Isaiah. It opens with the line “In the year King Uzziah died.” In the context of national tragedy, Isaiah entered into worship. Despite his disappointing circumstances, he saw the Lord.

What happens when we worship? Can you say that you “see the Lord” when you worship? How do you know if you have worshipped or if you’ve simply gone to church? This week I’ll be posting on worship from Isaiah 6. I hope you’ll stay tuned. I believe these words could change your life!

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